Tanguar haor (Bengali: টাঙ্গুয়ার হাওর), (also called Tangua haor), located in the Dharmapasha and Tahirpur upazilas of Sunamganj District in Bangladesh, is a unique wetland ecosystem of national importance and has come into international focus. The area of Tanguar haor including 46 villages within the haor is about 100 km2 of which 2,802.36 ha2 is wetland. It is the source of livelihood for more than 40,000 people. The Government of Bangladesh declared Tanguar haor as an Ecologically Critical Area in 1999 considering its critical condition as a result of overexploitation of its natural resources. In 2000, the hoar basin was declared a Ramsar site – wetland of international importance. With this declaration, the Government is committed to preserve its natural resources and has taken several steps for protection of this wetland.
Tanguar haor plays an important role in fish production as it functions as a ‘mother fishery’ for the country. Every winter the haor is home to about 200 types of migratory birds. The haor is an important source of fish. In 1999-2000, the government earned 7,073,184 takas as revenue just from fisheries of the haor. There are more than 140 species of fresh water fish in the haor. The more predominant among them are: ayir, gang magur, baim, tara, gutum, gulsha, tengra, titna, garia, beti, kakia etc. Hijal, karach, gulli, balua, ban tulsi, nalkhagra and other freshwater wetland trees are in this haor.
Plant species like Hizol (Barringtonia acutangula), Clematis cadmia, Crataeva nurvala, Euryale ferox, Nelumbo nucifera, Ottelia alismoides, Oxystelma secamone var. secamone, Pongamia pinnata, Rosa clinophylla, and Typha species are threatened, rapidly disappearing and becoming rare.
How To Go:
It is located in the Dharampasha and Tahirpur Upazila of North-Eastern part in Sunamganj District. So, the best way to reach there is to take bus from Sunamganj and reach Dharmapasha Upazila. From Dharmapasha Upazila, take CNG or Rickshaw to reach that haor.
Things To Do:
1. In Tanguar Haor, it is wise to hire a boat & see the natural beauty. The water is so clear that you can see the bottom of the marshland.
2. You should bring your camera to click some of the best shots of your life.
3. You can enjoy the huge number of birds of different types around.
The traveler has to manage their food from the local restaurants near the Bazars. These are all simple road side hotels which most of the Bangladeshi travels are used to. Though, there are no standard level restaurants are available near Tanguar Haor, there are several good quality restaurants at Sunamganj town.
To enjoy the beauty of Tanguar Haor, it is highly suggested to visit there in the monsoon (rainy season).